Digitization 101

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The place for staying up-to-date on issues, topics, lessons learned and events surrounding the creation, management, marketing and preservation of digital assets.Jill Hurst-Wahlhttp://www.blogger.com/profile/16355882159165026398noreply@blogger.comBlogger2414125
Updated: 1 year 45 weeks ago

Iowa City Public Library's Copyright Policy

Tue, 2014/02/18 - 6:00am
If you are looking for a good one-page copyright policy as a model for your library, check out the  Iowa City Public Library copyright policy.  What I like about this policy is that it acknowledges the rights both of copyright holders and users.  The library publicly states that it will look to use Fair Use (Title 17, Section 107) and Creative Commons when evaluating materials to use. 

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Our Work, Weak Connections, & Professional Engagement

Mon, 2014/02/17 - 6:30am
I've been in a number of conversations recently about how we (professionals) use social media to promote our ourselves organizations, and attract people to what we and our organizations do.  These conversations became particularly meaningful after hearing Jeff Hemsley discuss his doctoral research. Hemsley's current research looks at information flows in social media networks, with an emphasis on social movements and political events.  He is co-author of the book Going Viral, which explains what virality is, and how it works technologically and socially.

So what do we need to do in terms of promotion?

Talking About Ourselves & Our Work is Necessary - This "talking" can take many forms: articles, presentations, blog posts, tweets, conversations, etc.  In order to be part of a professional community and to have influence in that community, we need to make our knowledge, skills and positions recognized.  I know far too many people that are hesitant to talk about their work or who will downplay what they are doing.  Those two actions are important if we want people to know about us, hire us, use our services, etc.

We often talk about having an "elevator pitch" to use when we meet someone. These days, however, we need to talk to people, that we may not interact with face-to-face.  So while the elevator pitch is important, other methods are becoming more important.  In fact, consider that someone may know you and your organization from those other methods before ever meeting you face-to-face.

The 21st Century Requires Alternate Ways of Engagement - If you're thinking about promoting yourself and your organization using methods that were normal in the 20th century, you are doing a disservice.  Consider this...when was the last time you took someone's business card and acted on it (e.g., emailed them, called them, setup a meeting)?  If you did act on that business card, did you actually have that person's information and the business card really wasn't necessary?  We aren't using the exchange of business cards - and other old school methods - as a way of engaging, in the same ways that we used to.

At the ALISE Annual Conference, I attended a session on altmetrics.  In their presentation, "Altmetrics: An Entrepreneurial Approach to Assessing Impact on Scholarship and Professional Practice", Laurie Bonnici and Heidi Julien mentioned alternative ways that scholars are talking about their research and what that means in terms of impact.  Clearly some social sites are not where people feel comfortable talking about their work, yet these are the places where people can broaden their influence and impact.  For example, talking about your work on Facebook or through Twitter.  By the way, one of their questions was on how impact is measured, and that is a place where research needs to continue. 

Weak Ties Are How We Influence - On the right is a visualization of my LinkedIn network. My network is dominated by library and information professionals.  When I talk to them, I'm "preaching to the choir" (in other words, talking to people that generally have the same point of view as me). 

In his presentation, Hemsley pointed to the power of weak connections in our networks as being important to how we and our organizations have impact. In this visualization, you can see people that are connectors between two networks.  You can also spot people that are in my network, but unconnected to everyone else.  For me, these are people who are weak connections, who might be a bridge between my network and theirs, which are likely not library-focused. 

Let's Create New Practices - So how to do change your professional engagement?  How do you capitalize on weak ties?  How do you have more influence?  Let me tell you what I'm doing and what I'm experimenting with, in hopes that there is something here that you can use.
  • I promote on my blog and web site the conferences I'm attending and the presentations that I'm giving.  The conferences help you understand how I define my community of practice and the presentations tell you what knowledge I want to share.
  • I have maintained a practice of using my blog to talk about what I'm learning.  I don't limit the "what" to just the focus of this blog, rather - for example - I talk about many of the conference sessions that I attend.  Sharing information...sharing what we're learning...is a powerful action and it draws people towards us.
  • Besides blog posts, I also use Twitter to tweet what I'm learning.  If I'm at a conference, I'll tweet out information from conference sessions.  I've had a number of people tell me that they find my conference tweets to be informative.  For me, I've met people at conferences because of my tweets, so those tweets have created new professional connections.  (If you follow me on Twitter and wonder how I can type so quickly, while at a conference, consider that I'm using Twitter as the way I'm taking notes.)  
  • I use Twitter apps to schedule tweets.  This allows me to do things like promote upcoming events.  I don't schedule a high number of tweets and I don't do it all the time.  However, it has been a useful tool for me because it allows me to get my thoughts together and then have those tweets appear when I think they will be more readily received.
  • While I take photos at events, some colleagues promote themselves, their organizations and what they are learning through their photos. We don't think about photos has being useful for professional engagement, but truly they are.
  • I post presentation to SlideShare.  If you've given a presentation, placing it on SlideShare allows it to have more reach.  Be sure to include a description and to give it tags (use tags that related to how someone might look for this information).  I frequently place presentations in SlideShare before an event and that does not negatively impact my audience.  (And rather than giving handouts, I point people to SlideShare.)
  • I'm experimenting with Tumblr.  I've come late to Tumblr and am still learning how to engage with people there.  Tumblr is more visual and more casual, yet it is where people are talking about important professional issues.
  • I'm trying to figure out how to connect with "weak ties".  According the Hemsley, weak ties across networks that engage with a message are how a message goes viral. Hemsley doesn't yet know the formula for virality, but I suspect that part of the formula can be seen in Made to Stick: Why Some Ideas Survive and Others Die.  How do you do that in 140 characters, through Facebook, or on a research site? Good questions.
  • I post information to specific people and groups.  This is placing information in a specific network and it may help the information spread.  If nothing else, it helps to ensure that I'm not always speaking to the same group.
  • I'm willing to experiment with new forms of communication and engagement. I do limit how may tools I'm willing to experiment with.  Frequently I let my colleagues and friends experiment first, and then I experiment with the tools that have resonated with them.
Ways of Engagement Will Change - Finally, it is important to note that how we engage with our networks will change, and likely change rapidly.  You cannot sit back and wait for things to settle down, but rather you must begin to engage your network - and your weak ties - now.  And as you learn how to do that, I hope you'll share your lessons learned with me and others.

Addendum (2/21/2014): Paul Signorelli faciltated a webinar yesterday entitled "Social Media, Library Partnerships, and Collaboration: More Than a Tweet".  I'm pleased that Paul found inspiration in this blog post and was able to pull a few quotes for his presentation!

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NY3Rs copyright resources page

Mon, 2014/02/10 - 7:00am
The New York 3Rs Association, which is comprised of the nine reference and research library resources systems in New York State, has created a Copyright Resources page.  This page includes online/Internet resources on copyright.  My hope is that they might expand this to include a list of relevant books or digital pathfinders (libguides) on copyright.  Those additions would make this resources more well rounded.  However, as-is this is still a resource that will be useful to those new to copyright or those who are looking a manageable set of resources on the topic.

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LIBER position statement on copyright in the digital age

Wed, 2014/02/05 - 6:00am
In December (2013),LIBER (Ligue des Bibliothèques Européennes de Recherche - Association of European Research Libraries) released a position statement on copyright reform and copyright in the digital age.  The position statement is based on three principles:
  1. Copyright should foster, not hinder, innovation and competitiveness.
  2. Access to and use of publicly funded research should not be unduly restricted by copyright.
  3. Preservation of, and access to, cultural heritage must be supported by copyright exceptions
In terms of digitization, the position statement notes:
The Author’s Guild versus Google Books ruling in the United States recognises the enormous potential for researchers to benefit from the mass digitisation of books. It also places Europe at a disadvantage. Due to territorial issues, this content is not available to European researchers. Rather than facilitating digitisation at scale, there is the danger that requirements set out under the Orphan Works Directive may prevent European libraries from effectively competing with their American counterparts to counterbalance a Google Books monopoly. The implementation and impact of the Orphan Works Directive should be monitored and evaluated with this in mind. The Memorandum of Understanding on Out of Commerce Works also needs to be reinforced by supporting legislation so that it is implemented uniformly across Europe.The position statement also addresses preservation and other areas that will be important to readers of this blog.  It is worth a read.  If you leave/work in the European Union, consider helping to push this forward.

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WISE Workshop: Designing Online Courses for Diverse Communities of Learners

Tue, 2014/01/21 - 6:00am
Today I'm participating in a workshop being given at the Association for Library and Information Science Education (ALISE) Annual Conference. The 10th annual WISE (Web-based Information Science Education) workshop is an opportunity for online educators to share the knowledge with others. This year, the workshop is being moderated by Nicole Cooke (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign) and includes presentations from myself (Syracuse University), Lilia Pavlovsky (Rutgers University), and Michael Stephens (San Jose State University). The workshop description is:
As LIS programs become more entrepreneurial, reaching more diverse groups of learners, LIS educators are challenged to design their courses for diverse communities. There are many possible dimensions of diversity—different learner work contexts with different value structures (e.g., library vs. business), different cultural contexts when courses have a global reach, differences in learner demographics (age, gender, ethnicity), and differences in technology use outside of class, including social media. How does online course design take into account this diversity? This panel of experienced online educators will provide examples of how they have worked to address diverse communities of learners in their course designs and encourage interaction with members of the audience.I've been teaching online since January 2001 and find it very enjoyable. I have grown into using various types of media in my classes and finding ways of engaging the students. I also know that learning how to teach online is a never-ending process, and so I not only look forward to giving this presentation, but also hearing what my co-presenters have to say. Below are the slides that I'll be using.

WISE Workshop: Designing Online Courses for Diverse Communities of Learners from Jill Hurst-Wahl

Update (Feb. 4):  Links to all of the presentations from this workshop are available on the WISE web site (bottom of page).

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Copyright 101 from BYU

Mon, 2014/01/20 - 7:00am
BYU Center for Teaching and Learning has a series called "Copyright 101". Below is the first video in the series, which shows the care that they took in creating this and they type of information that they are conveying.  You can view the entire series at http://copyright101.byu.edu/.

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Video: What Is Copyright? (3 min.)

Mon, 2014/01/13 - 7:00am
This video was produced by Ryan Molton for his 2013 Copyright Awareness Scholarship. From what I can tell, Molton is a student in Arizona, who has a lot of creativity! This is a fun video on copyright that could be used in a number of different setting.

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Video: Remix Culture: Fair Use is Your Friend (< 8 min.)

Mon, 2014/01/06 - 7:00am
This video is from the Center for Media & Social Impact at American University (formerly the Center for Social Media).  It uses media excerpt and interviews to explain Fair Use, and contains some very interesting examples. I could see using this in a class or workshop in order to jump start a discussion on Fair Use.

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Video: Understanding Derivative Works (< 3 minutes)

Mon, 2013/12/30 - 7:00am
This video from Artist House Music is a short interview with attorney and professor Maggie Lange talking about "derivative works". She uses the example of "Weird Al" Yankovic using music from Michael Jackson, which seem to work in providing a clear explanation.

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Copyright for Information Professionals (IST 735), weeks 10-14

Fri, 2013/12/27 - 8:30am
{Because I've copied text in from MS Word, I suspect the fonts below are going to be wonky or inconsistent.  My apologies.}

The semester is over and it is time for me to to finish blogging about the copyright class that I taught this fall...and what I want to talk about are the assignments.

This year, I changed some of the assignments and pushed the students outside of their comfort zone.  For example, I had them create a one-page explanation of a section of the law, with the idea that this explanation would be understandable by anyone.  A few students did theirs as infographs!  The idea around the one-page was for them to understand the law well enough that they could explain it simply.

They also developed a brief on a current copyright issue, wrote about a copyright-related court case, and developed a training plan to be used to train others about copyright.  Some students had not written lesson plans before, which was needed for that last assignment, and so some were really outside of their comfort zone!

What impressed me was that students delved deep into the law and into resources that are available about copyright. The scoured the Internet looking for resources and ideas, and I was amazed at what they found.  There is a lot more good content available on copyright than I realized.  (And I'll be sharing some of them in upcoming blog posts.)  I'm also impressed with their understanding of the law and their ability to communicate it to others, which is not always an easy task.  Yes...I threw them a challenging semester and they thrived in it.

All of these assignments are good pieces for their portfolios.  These pieces demonstrate their knowledge of copyright law; their ability to analyze and write; and their ability to understand how to pass their knowledge onto others.  I know that instruction is a huge need in many libraries, so those training plans can be used to demonstrate that they understand that need and are ready to help meet it. [BTW looking for a soon-to-be MLIS graduate with copyright knowledge?   Let me know.]

Mandatory Readings: (Please excuse any font discrepancies.)

Week #10 - Exerting Your Copy Rights & Copyright Court Cases
Week #11 - Copyright and Sound Recordings
Week #12 - Archives, Risk & Case Study
  • Crews. Copyright Law for Librarians and Educators. Ch. 17.
  • Hirtle. Copyright and Cultural Institutions. Chapters 10-11
Week #13 - Licensing
Week #14 - Educating Your Colleagues and Users (including library notices), and Staying Up-to-Date
Related posts (or a walk through this class):

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Blog post: Am I a Good Steward of My Own Digital Life?

Mon, 2013/12/23 - 5:30am
Reading this Library of Congress blog post, I am reminded that each year I vow to become a better digital steward of my materials.  And each year, I fail to get better.  Why can't I change?  First, the digital life is hidden.  I have to go find it, unlike the pile of photos sitting on the table.  Second, it will take significant mental work to decide how to organize it, and then sort through everything.  It'll be a solo operation and not like a family sorting through a box of photos, where everyone gets involved, even if just for a few moments.

I did make one small step this year, though.  I have setup file folders for my digital photos by year.  While I haven't completely reorganized my photos, I know that putting them into these big buckets will be a step in the right direction.  Maybe I'll get it done over the holidays?

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Using Big Data for Library Advocacy (webinar recording)

Wed, 2013/12/18 - 7:29am
Erin BartoloYesterday, Dec. 17, Erin Bartolo and I did a one-hour webinar entitled "Using Big Data for Library Advocacy."  This webinar was based on the presentation that we did at the New York Library Association Annual Conference in September.   A recording of the sessions is available on this page, which also contains a link to our handout.  Since this was so what we did at NYLA, I'm placing below the slides from NYLA.

Curating Library Data, Big Data, Data Sets from Jill Hurst-Wahl
One question that we did not receive was about how libraries are currently using big data/data science. I know from the NMC webinar that we did that we don't have good library examples yet, because we (libraries/librarians) are just thinking about how to use data science in our work.  I expect that those examples will come, as we begin using big data to help us with assessment and advocacy.  For now, we need to talk about what is possible and get people interested in using these techniques, which are already widely used in business.

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Staffing for Effective Digital Preservation: An NDSA Report

Tue, 2013/12/17 - 5:02pm
Staffing is important and often we're not sure about what we need in terms of skills or people. This report helps to provide information on staffing for digital preservation.  It was co-authored by:
  • Winston Atkins, Duke University Libraries
  • Andrea Goethals, Harvard Library
  • Carol Kussmann, Minnesota State Archives
  • Meg Phillips, National Archives and Records Administration
  • Mary Vardigan, Inter‐university Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR)
According to the blog post about it, this report "shares what we learned by surveying 85 institutions with a mandate to preserve digital content about how they staffed and organized their preservation functions." 

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NMC On the Horizon > Big Data (webinar recording)

Mon, 2013/12/02 - 8:06am
In November, I had the honor of participating in the New Media Consortium webinar on big data.  The event was recorded and is now available through YouTube. Information on all of the presenters is available on the NMC web site.  Thanks to Dr. Ruben Puentedura for moderating the event and to the NMC staff for their coordination.

This webinar used the Google+ On Air platform and was broadcasted live on YouTube. For me, it was very interesting to do a webinar in this way.  For example, how do you interrupt or get the attention of the moderator?  (Obviously, waving doesn't work!)  I'm used to other platforms that have a bit more functionality, yet I have to admit that this worked amazingly well. 

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Cory Doctorow on general purpose computing, privacy & copyright

Fri, 2013/11/29 - 6:12am
Cory Doctorow was interviewed by RN Future Tense on "the coming war on general purpose computing." I found his thoughts about general purpose computing to be interesting; however, my ears really perked up when he talked about privacy and then about copyright. The interview is 21 minutes in length and I think you'll be pleased that you gave it a listen.

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